Acquisition of Turkish Citizenship

Law no. 5901 on Turkish Citizenship[1] defines the principles and the procedures regarding the conduct of affairs and processes relating to the acquisition and loss of Turkish citizenship. [2] Turkish citizenship may be acquired by birth or after birth[3]  Turkish citizenship automatically acquired by birth on the  basis of descent or place of birth.[4] On the other hand Turkish Citizenship Act specifies three main ways to acquire Turkish citizenship after birth.  Accordingly, Turkish citizenship may be acquired after birth (i) by decision of the competent authority, (ii) by adoption or (iii) by choice.[5]

Acquisition of Citizenship by Decision of the Competent Authority

In regard to Turkish Citizenship Act, competent authority refers to Turkish Ministry of Interior. Article 19 of the act indicates that;

“Of the aliens who wish to acquire Turkish citizenship by the decision of the competent authority, for those who fulfill the conditions for application a citizenship file shall be opened in their name and sent to the Ministry to be decided. After the examination and inquiry made by the Ministry those whose situations have been deemed appropriate can acquire Turkish citizenship by decision of the Ministry, whereas the citizenship applications of those whose situations have been deemed inappropriate shall be rejected by the Ministry.”

There are mainly four types of applications for Turkish citizenship finalized through the decision of the competent authority.

(i)                 General applications

(ii)                Exceptional applications

(iii)              Applications for re-acquisition of Turkish Citizenship

(iv)               Applications for acquisition of Turkish Citizenship by marriage. 

In general applications acquisition of Turkish Citizenship and applications for acquisition of Turkish Citizenship by marriage, Applicants’ fulfillment of the citizenship conditions is evaluated by The Citizenship Application Examination Commission[6] which is formed in each provinces of Turkey.  After an interview process, for those applicants who fulfill the required conditions, commission asks further examination from the Provincial Security Directorate. Upon completion of examination process by Provincial Security Directorate, applicant’s file is forwarded to the Ministry of Interior for the final decision.

(i) Conditions for Citizenship Application (General)

Competent authority decision on the acquisition of Turkish citizenship is made upon fulfillment of the following criteria. However as article 10 of the act clearly indicates “fulfillment of the stipulated conditions does not grant that person an absolute right in the acquisition of citizenship”

Article 11

“An alien who wishes to acquire Turkish citizenship shall;

a) be in the age of majority and have the capacity to act either according to his/her own national law or, if he/she is stateless, according to Turkish law.

b) have been resident in Turkey without interruption for five years preceding the date of his/her application,

c) verify his/her determination to settle down in Turkey with his/her manners,

ç) have no disease constituting an obstacle in respect of public health,

d) be of good moral character,

e) be able to speak a sufficient level of Turkish,

f) have income or profession to provide for maintenance for himself/herself and his/her dependants in Turkey,

g) have no quality constituting an obstacle in respect of national security and public order”.[7]

Documents Required for the Citizenship Application (General)

Citizenship Application file should include following documents.

a) A completed VAT-3 FORM (BACK SIDE)

b) Translated and notarized copy of applicant’s passport. If the applicant is stateless, documents certifying applicant’s statelessness.

c) Documents showing applicant’s identity information. (Properly certified documents should be notarized and translated with Apostille)

d) Certificate of civil status certifying applicant’s civil status such as married, divorced or widowed.  (Properly certified documents should be notarized and translated with Apostille)

e) If the applicant is married, extract of civil registry record or equivalent document which records family ties of spouse and if available children (Properly certified documents should be notarized and translated with Apostille)

e) If available, birth certificates of first and second degree Turkish citizen relatives.

f) Health report obtained from official health institutions demonstrating applicant has no disease constituting a threat to public health.

g) Evidence of applicant’s ability to speak sufficient level of Turkish language.  (Document obtained from National Education Directorates)

h) Evidence of adequate and regular financial resources for personal and family livelihood in Turkey such as Turkish Work Permit certificate and Commercial Activity Certificate. Or

i) Evidence of uninterrupted residence in Turkey for five years (Documents obtained from Provincial Security Directorate) – For foreigners with Turkish descent evidence of uninterrupted residence in Turkey for two years –

j) Residence permit valid for at least 3 months beyond the application date.

k) Original or court-certified copy of the Court decision, if applicant has ever tried for any offence

l) Tax office receipt of Administrative fees.

(ii)   EXCEPTIONAL STATES IN THE ACQUISITION OF TURKISH CITIZENSHIP 

Article 12 of the Act indicates that certain categories of the foreigners might be eligible for Turkish Citizenship by the decision of the Council of Ministers.

ARTICLE 12

“Aliens mentioned below can acquire Turkish citizenship by decision of the Council of Ministers acting on a proposal from the Ministry provided they have no quality constituting an obstacle in respect of national security and public order.

a) Persons who have brought industrial plants into Turkey or have rendered or are being considered to render in future outstanding services in the scientific, technological, economic, social, sporting, cultural and artistic fields and about whom a reasoned offer has been made by the ministries relevant.

b) Persons whose naturalization has been considered necessary.

c) Persons who have been recognized as immigrants. “[8]

d) Turkish citizenship by investment

DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION (EXCEPTIONAL)

a) A completed VAT-4 FORM  (BACK SIDE)

b) Translated and notarized copy of applicant’s passport. If the applicant is stateless, documents certifying applicant’s statelessness.

c) Documents showing applicant’s identity information. (Properly certified documents should be notarized and translated with Apostille)

d) Certificate of civil status certifying applicant’s civil status such as married, divorced or widowed.  (Properly certified documents should be notarized and translated with Apostille)

e) If the applicant is married, extract of civil registry record or equivalent document which records family ties of spouse and if available children (Properly certified documents should be notarized and translated with Apostille)

e) If available, birth certificates of first and second degree Turkish citizen relatives.

f) Residence permit valid for at least 3 months beyond the application date.

g) Tax office receipt of Administrative fees.

(iii) RE-ACQUISITION OF TURKISH CITIZENSHIP

As per article 13 of the Act, following categories of individuals may re-acquire Turkish Citizenship irrespective of their residence period in Turkey upon the affirmative decision of the Ministry of Interior.

a) Persons who lost Turkish citizenship by obtaining a renunciation permit.

b) Of the persons who had lost Turkish citizenship because of their parents those who have not enjoyed the right to choice within the time-limit foreseen in Article 21.

Moreover as per article 14, those individuals who lost Turkish Citizenship in accordance with article 29[9] of the Act may re-acquire Turkish Citizenship upon the decision of Council of Ministers and those who lost Turkish citizenship in accordance with article 34[10] of the act may re-acquire Turkish citizenship upon the decision of the Ministry of interior. In both cases, applicants required to have at least 3 years uninterrupted residence in Turkey.

DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION (RE-ACQUISITION)

a) A completed VAT-5 FORM  (BACK SIDE)

b) Extract of civil registry record

c) Translated and notarized copy of applicant’s passport. If the applicant is stateless, documents certifying applicant’s statelessness.

d) If there is any change in the civil status of the applicant after the lost of Turkish Citizenship, Certificate of civil status certifying applicant’s civil status such as married, divorced or widowed.  (Properly certified documents should be notarized and translated with Apostille)

f) ) If the applicant is married, family registry documents or equivalent document which records family ties of spouse and if available children (Properly certified documents should be notarized and translated with Apostille)

f) Documents showing applicant’s identity information. (Properly certified documents should be notarized and translated with Apostille)

g) Evidence of uninterrupted residence in Turkey for three years (Documents obtained from Provincial Security Directorate) – only for those applicants within the categories under artcle 14 of the Act.

h) Tax office receipt of Administrative fees.

UNINTERRUPTED RESIDENCE

Uninterrupted residence is defined in the article 15 of the Act. Accordingly “an alien who applies for the acquisition of Turkish citizenship may stay abroad without exceeding six months within the residence period required for the application. The period spent abroad shall be evaluated within the residence period foreseen in this Law. “[11]

(iv)  ACQUISITION OF TURKISH CITIZENSHIP BY MARRIAGE

As per Article 16 of the Act “Acquisition of Turkish Citizenship by marriage” reads as follows:

“(1) Turkish citizenship is not acquired automatically upon marriage to a Turkish Citizen. However, aliens who have been married to a Turkish citizen at least for three years and who are still married, can apply to acquire Turkish citizenship. Applicant married to a Turkish citizen is required to fulfill the following conditions. The applicant:

a) shall live in family unity;

b) shall avoid acts not compatible with the marriage unity;

c) shall not pose a threat on national security and public order.

(2) In case the spouse who is a Turkish citizen dies after the application is lodged, then the applicant is not required to fulfill clause (a) of the first paragraph.”

DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION (GENERAL)

Citizenship Application file should include following documents.

a) A completed VAT-6 FORM (BACK SIDE)

b) Extract of civil registry record of  Turkish citizen spouse

c) Translated and notarized copy of applicant’s passport. If the applicant is stateless, documents certifying applicant’s statelessness.

d) Documents showing applicant’s identity information. (Properly certified documents should be notarized and translated with Apostille)

e) If applicant is resident in Turkey, Residence Permit.

f) Original or court-certified copy of the Court decision, if applicant has ever tried for any offence

g) For those applicants who have married in Turkey, copy of International Marriage Booklet. For those who have married outside Turkey, copy of certified equivalent documents. (Properly certified documents should be notarized and translated with Apostille)

h) Copy of Turkish National Identity card of Turkish citizen spouse.

i) Tax office receipt of Administrative fees.

TURKISH CITIZENSHIP LAW (Source: refworld.org) Law No. 5901 Date of Enactment: 29.05.2009 Published in the Official Gazette 0n 12 June 2009, No. 27256

[1] Law No. 5901 Date of Enactment: 29.05.2009 Published in the Official Gazette 0n 12 June 2009, No. 27256

[2] Law No. 5901, Art. 1

[3] Law No. 5901, Art. 5

[4] Law No. 5901, Art. 6

[5] Law No. 5901, Art. 9

[6] Law No. 5901, Art. 18 – (1) The determination of whether aliens who wish to acquire Turkish citizenship fulfil the conditions for application in accordance with Articles 11 and 16 shall be made by the citizenship application examination commissions formed in the provinces. The formation and the working principles of the commissions shall be prescribed by a by-law.

[7] Law No. 5901, Art. 11 – Aliens who wish to acquire Turkish citizenship may be required, in addition to the conditions aforementioned, to relinquish previous citizenship. The Council of Ministers shall be competent to determine the principles regarding the exercise of this discretion.

[8] Law No. 5901, Art. 12

[9] Law No. 5901, Art. 29 – Revocation of Turkish Citizenship

Turkish citizenship of persons whose acts mentioned below are ascertained by the official authorities may be revoked by a decision of the Council of Ministers acting on a proposal from the Ministry.

a) Of the persons, who have rendered services, which are incompatible with the interests of Turkey, for a foreign state, despite the fact that they are notified to cease this task by the overseas representative offices abroad, by the directors of provincial public administration in Turkey, those who do not voluntarily cease this task within the given reasonable time not being less than three months.

b) Persons, who voluntarily continue to render any kind of services for a state, which is at war with Turkey, without the permission of the Council of Ministers.

c) Persons who voluntarily render military service for a foreign state without obtaining

permission

[10] Law No. 5901, Art. 34 – Loss of Turkish Citizenship by the Right to Choice

The persons, whose situations are mentioned below, may renounce Turkish citizenship within three years after they reach the age of majority.

a) Of the persons, who acquired Turkish citizenship by birth through the mother or the father on the basis of descent, those who acquired the alien mother’s or father’s citizenship by birth or after birth.

b) Of the persons, who acquired Turkish citizenship by descent from the mother or the father, those who acquired citizenship of a foreign state by place of birth.

c) The persons, who acquired Turkish citizenship by adoption.

ç) Of the persons, who had acquired Turkish citizenship by place of birth, those who then acquired the alien mother’s or father’s citizenship.

d) The persons, who acquired Turkish citizenship by descent from the mother or the father, who acquired Turkish citizenship in any form whatsoever.

(2) If loss of citizenship in accordance with the aforementioned provisions renders the person concerned stateless, the right to choice shall not be used.

[11] Law No. 5901, Art. 15

Jeanne Brochard
Jeanne Brochard
12:44 27 Apr 21
I highly recommend them! I got my residence permit done in less than a month.Marta is nice and patient and guides you... through all the processes. She even got me a driver to get me from the immigration office to the tax office back and forth. It was all done in 3h (you have to wait in line tho, there is no other way). If you don't want to waste time trying to deal with your residence permit, it definitely worth using their service!read more
A ibn Z
A ibn Z
07:13 26 Apr 21
Hello there, very informative site.I have a question: My son will be 18 years next year, if I buy a property and get... the citizenship , can he study Medicine in Turkey free of charge as a Turkish citizen. If I am divorced do I need my ex wife's consent to get for all of my children Turkish citizenship? I am Australian.Also can you help with enrolment to an English Medium University? I heard he must learn Turkish to be able to study in Turkey.read more
moo Et
moo Et
07:38 06 Jan 21
Hello. Thank you for help and support and answering our questions. it is the second time that I ask a question because... I forgot the previous time. If someone want to apply for Short Term Resident Permit but the expiry date of Passport does not allow for one year, then is it possible to apply for shorter period like ten months and 120 days outside of Turkey rule still exist or not? Thank you againread more
Moh Eti
Moh Eti
06:38 06 Jan 21
Thank you very much for answering my first question. I forgot to ask the other question that I had. If my mother... passport does not allow her to apply for short term resident permit for a year because of expiry date of her passport can she apply for ten months instead of one year? I also heard that 120 days outside of country rule is not apply anymore.read more
Cobb Cobb
Cobb Cobb
07:20 27 Nov 20
Hi i have finally received my residence card yesterday.5 months from start to finish 🤔The problem l have now is my... surname on my card is spelt incorrect.How can l get this fixed? Will it cost me more money if so how much? Will l need to give them a new photo?I went to open a bank account and was told that my address isnot linked to my card. Why is that?How do l get my address linked to the card?Am l able to still do this while l sort out the surname mistake?I am from Australia would l be able to extend my 12 months visa if l am still here?If not, what would l need to do so l was able to extend?Your help is much appreciatedread more
Anum Omair
Anum Omair
11:53 13 Nov 20
Hello, We are planing to apply for residence permit in turkey by investing in property, I have a question that my... husband will be the principal applicant (owner of property ) stays in abroad for 6 months in an year as he is a business person and he has to look after his business but on the other hand we (wife and 2kids) will stay in turkey and follow the protocol to get citizenship in 5 years period.1. will my husband be able to apply for citizenship of all 4 of us as the main applicant? if not?2. will I and my kids will be eligible to get citizenship, if we are eligible, will I be able to apply for his citizenship based on my citizenship status?Or what do you suggest that we should done as the aim is to get the citizenship in 5 years period for the entire family.An expert opinion will be highly appreciatedThanksread more
Khurum Khan
Khurum Khan
13:27 09 Nov 20
I gained lots of knowledge with help of this web site it is very informative.I have some questions plz answer .1 -... What is the minimum house price to buy in order to get a residency permit?2 - we are a family of three me 46 year old my son aged 22 and daughter aged 19 . can we by one house or 3 houses to get property residency permit for all of us ?3 - How many month a person to stay in turkey per year for qualify a Turkish passport because my both adult children are studying medicine in Georgia .4 - How many years will the three of us have to wait to get citizenship?read more
Emad Babaei
Emad Babaei
12:18 23 Oct 20
HelloIm from Iran ( I have Iranian Passport ) but I live in Budapest. I would like to study in Turkey. Do I have to... get a student visa from Turkish embassy before going to Turkey or can I just go to Turkey and register at my course and then apply for Student residence permit ?May I also ask how long does it take to get an appointment at the immigration office and then how long does it take to receive the Student residence permit ?Thank you very much for your helpBest regardsread more
Tommy Ade
Tommy Ade
00:06 14 Oct 20
Hello,I am a Nigerian citizen, and I would like to apply for the tourist residence permit. I read that in Antalya the... residence permit is provided in a month or less sometimes.1. Is it possible to apply for the residence permit in Antalya and then move to Istanbul after receiving the residence permit?2. In that case, will my application be accepted if I have a rental contract for just 1 month as I plan on moving to Istanbul and rent another apartment there?3. During the time my application will be processing, can I open a bank account, deposit money in it, and make transactions?I would appreciate if you could shed some light on these matters.Warm regards,read more
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sajjad
sajjad
2 months ago

Hi its sajjad
I am interested to get more information about citizenship program by investment

  • Is there specific region or land which need to purchase or anywhere and from any developer or aany minimum size also mandatory ?
  • Can some one purchase the property / residential flat on installment from any developer and will be eligible for citizenship?
  • What is the procedure and requirements to apply for citizenship when a person eligible to apply?
  • How long it will take to get the passport time duration minimum to maximum time period?
  • Is there any Turkish language also required?
  • Are investor can apply citizenship of there wife and kids at the same time or first he will get and
  • Is there any compulsion or minimum requirement to live in turkey?
  • Is there any chance to decline the application even if someone meets the requirement?
  • Any other requirement please also let me know your charges and service

Please also provide me WhatsApp number Waiting for your response
regards
Sajjad

Ata Kurumsal
Admin
Reply to  sajjad
2 months ago

Hello, thank you very much for your comment. Please, find the answers to your queries attached below:

Is there specific region or land which need to purchase or anywhere and from any developer or aany minimum size also mandatory ?
– There is no specific location or projects specified by Turkish government, neither there are requirements regarding size of property. The only requirements are minimum value of property in amount of 250.000 USD and purchasing the property form a Turkish citizen.

Can some one purchase the property / residential flat on installment from any developer and will be eligible for citizenship?
– Property can not be purchased in installments, only those, who purchase real estate in advance payment are eligible for Turkish citizenship application on this basis.

What is the procedure and requirements to apply for citizenship when a person eligible to apply?
– Real value of the property must be confirmed by the evaluation report before transaction. After the property is purchased, adequate annotations stating that property will not be sold for three years must be added to Title Deed. When the purchase is complete, Turkish citizenship application process can start.

How long it will take to get the passport time duration minimum to maximum time period?
– Application process takes approximately 3-4 months from the date of purchase. After this period of time, when application is approved, obtaining Turkish passport takes approximately one week.

Is there any Turkish language also required? – Knowledge of Turkish language at any level is not required for Turkish citizenship application on basis of investment.
Are investor can apply citizenship of there wife and kids at the same time or first he will get and
– Spouse of investor and their children under 18 years old are granted Turkish citizenship at the same time as investor.

Is there any compulsion or minimum requirement to live in turkey?
– There is no minimum requirement to live in Turkey before or after Turkish citizenship application.

Is there any chance to decline the application even if someone meets the requirement? – The only reasons for declining the application are:
– Not getting through all required procedures during property transaction
– Incorrect submission of the application
– Having criminal record
Any other requirement please also let me know your charges and service – There is no other requirements than mentioned above. As our fee already includes all costs of application, which is: governmental fees, property appraisal, obligatory health insurance, translation and notary costs (the only cost that is not included is fee for title deeds, which is 4% of the value of property to be shared equally between seller and buyer- thus 2% from your side), may I ask how many applicants would be included into your application (investor, spouse and children under 18 years old)?

Please, feel free to contact me if there would be further questions.
You can also reach me through my Whatsapp number: +90 532 549 60 99

Marjori joy reyes
Marjori joy reyes
8 months ago

how to and where to apply turkish citizenship by marriage

Ata Kurumsal
Expatguide
Reply to  Marjori joy reyes
8 months ago

Hello,
Foreigners, who reside in Turkey for at least 3 years on basis of family residence permit can apply for Turkish citizenship in local Directorate of Population. Those, who reside abroad can make the application in nearest Turkish embassy.

Kind Regards,

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Petro Talay
Petro Talay
11 months ago

To whom it may concern:
I would like to know how to apply for Turkish Citizenship. I am Married to Turkish man since 1993… I live in South Africa.. I would love to be in Turkey with my husband.. He works in Turkey.. Please let me know what to do or forward necessary documents for application..
Kind regards
Mrs. P. Talay

Ata Kurumsal
Expatguide
Reply to  Petro Talay
11 months ago

Hello,
You can get information regarding you eligibility for Turkish citizenship application in nearest Turkish Embassy/Consulate. If you are eligible for the application, you will be then instructed what are the required documents and following steps for your type of application.

Kind Regards,

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